After independence ,India committed itself to a socially just and an egalitarian social order . The constitution promulgated in 1950s recognised the SC and ST as two of the most backward social groups that needs special provision and protection to obtain there basic requirements and needs both economically ,educationally and socially . Our constitution was drafted with lots of inspirations from other countries and it also encompasses the value of human dignity and guarantees fundamental rights to each citizens of the country . Indian leaders preferred special treatment to groups dealing with economic and social discrimination as a result of the process of segregation. The Constitution of India of 1951 (1st Amendment) authorized the representation of Organized Castles and Organized Nations by quoting them from Educational Institutions and government jobs. The motive of reservation is to make the citizens to have a representation in education , employment and politics . This is the study to analyse the concept , origin of reservation policy in India and also to discuss the contrary to the case laws from which had been originated into .