Gender Pay Parity - A distant dream (By Mausam Parikh)

Each individual, who does any work, anticipates and merits a remuneration which ought to be in standard with the work and it ought to be equivalent for every one of the individuals who are doing likewise work. It is sufficiently reasonable that if there are two individuals doing likewise work, they ought to get a similar sort of reward for it. But gender inequality in paying remuneration, i.e., gender pay parity exists on a large scale and women are being paid unequal wages for equal work just because of their gender.
(1)     Somrita Ghosh, Equal pay for equal work still a distant dream for Indian women, BUSINESS STANDARD (March 8, 2018, 3:15 PM), ians/equal-pay-for-equal-work-still-a-distant-dream-for-indian-women-march-8-is-international- women-s-day-118030800572_1.html
The article talks about findings of one of the surveys conducted by International Labour Organisation (ILO) in 2017 regarding gender pay parity.
(2)     MJ Antony, Pay parity in retreat, BUSINESS STANDARD (January 29, 2013, 2:54 AM), 108112601078_1.html
The article talks about the judgement in the case of Randhir Singh V. Union of India.
(3)     Sulekha Nair, From crèches to equal pay for equal work :India Inc shows how to make workplaces friendlier for woman, FIRSTPOST (March 10, 2016, 10:49 AM), india-inc-shows-how-to-make-workplaces-friendlier-for-women-2663100.html
The article includes suggestions and steps towards reducing gender pay parity.
(4)     Aimee Picchi, Equal Pay Day: 5 key points about the gender wage gap, CBS NEWS (April 4, 2017, 8:32 AM), wage-gap/
This article, through key points, talks about how the problem is much bigger than what deeper we would have anticipated.
(5)     Lotika Sarkar, “Status of women and law as an instrument of Social change”, K.L.T. 1982, p. 262.
It talks about the mentioning of gendera equality in the preamble of the charter of the United Nations Organization (UNO).

(6)     Vol.4, D.C.Jain: "Equal Pay for Equal Work: Constitutional Ramification", Award Digest, Journal of Labour Legislation, 1986, p. 109.
It talks about the Article 39 of the Constitution.
·         To analyze the judicial approach towards gender pay parity
·         To know the causes behind the existing unequal scenario
·         To list suggestions for reducing gender pay parity
1.  Equal pay for equal work leads to the realization of equality among females in the spheres of economic life.
2.   Equal pay for equal work must be applied for the equal work of equal value.
3.  The notion- women are considered to be naturally inferior and henceforth, incapacitated from getting equally remunerated, needs to be changed.
4.   The constitution in its basic structure annihilates bias.
5.  There is a need for enforcing stricter applicability of laws regarding equal remuneration for equal work to reduce the existing pay gap between men and women doing equal work.
1.    Whether the judiciary plays a pivotal role in enforcing equalism in reducing gender pay parity or not?
2.  Whether the huge pay gap among males and females creates a serious impact in financial growth of the country?
3.  Whether women are subjected to discrimination because of causes, apart from socio-cultural causes?
Law is a normative science that is, a science which lays down norms and standards for human behaviour in a specified situation or situation enforceable through the sanction of the state. What distinguishes law from other social science is its normative character. This fact along with the fact that stability and certainty of law are desirable goals and social values to be pursued, make doctrinal research to be of primary concern to a legal researcher.1
The study conducted here is doctrinal. It is based on analytical research. It is an explanatory kind of research as the sub-topics have been analyzed in a genuine manner. Secondary sources of data have been used as various news articles, books etc have been referred.

Chapter 2-Introduction to gender pay parity and meaning of equalism Chapter 3-Findings under ILO 2017 survey
Chapter 4- Aid under Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 and Constitutional aspects to gender pay parity
Chapter 5- Causes leading to gender pay parity Chapter 6- Impacts of gender pay parity
Chapter 7-Suggestions to reduce gender pay parity