A Study on the Challenges faced by the Rural Women in Accessing Education and What Government Schemes are implemented for the Same (By Gagandeep Kaur)

Investing in girls’ education helps transform the community, countries, and the world. Girls who receive proper education earn higher incomes, participate in decision-making, are independent, and give themselves and their families a better future. Girls’ education can contribute a lot in strengthening the country's economy and changing the status from developing to a developed nation. It will also prove to be a significant step in reducing inequality[1].  And also, as per Article 51 (A) [e] “entitles women to attain not less than one-third of the total number of seats to be allotted by rotation to different constituencies in every panchayat,” as an educated girl is more likely to be participating in political discussions, meetings, and decision-making, which further leads to the formation of a more representative and democratic government.
 To promote effective and good quality proper education in rural India, some developmental programs/schemes need to launched over the years to achieve these all-encompassing objectives, so there are some schemes prevailed by the government like ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’ though, this scheme does not prove to be so relevant if the community does not cooperate. This is why an alternative is required in people's minds to bring about a social change. Then only these schemes will progress depending on the awareness spread and the implementation of the plan, which requires the active participation of both the citizens and the government[2].
To bring transformative developmental strategies for promoting girls’ education, specific step has to be readily taken, and they are as follows:
-         By tackling discriminatory gender norms and harmful practices that deny girls access to school and quality learning.
-         By supporting both centers and state government to ensure that gender-responsive plans and policies are implemented to prioritize gender equality.
-         Helping Schools and governments refrain from teaching all those materials that gender gaps/gender stereotypes in learning.
-         To promote social protection measures.
-         Village Panchayat should strictly keep track of the girl enrollment ratio to avoid/reduce girl drop-outs.
-         Parents should be thoroughly counseled about the girls’ education and its further implications.
-         Article 46 states that proper nutrition should be provided to the school children (especially for rural children) as part of the mid-day meals program.
-         Scholarship and other financial aids should be increased significantly for girls who want to pursue higher education later
-         Computer and other technical education should be imparted to a girl.
Girls and women hostels should be provided with tight security for every two to three villages so that parents can ensure the safety of their wards and can send them for higher education without any stress or tension